PBY Catalina Z2148

Arisdale, Yell, Shetland Isles

 
     
 
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Aircraft Type Photo

 

BELOW: A U.S. PBY Catalina making a landing at sea.

 

pby catalina landing

 

Photo: [no date] taken by a sailor or employee of the U.S. Navy. A U.S. federal government photo now in the  public domain.

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Type and Background

 

RAF Consolidated PBY* Catalina / Z2148

 


 

* Designated 'Marks I, II, III, IV', etc. by the RAF rather than 'PBY-5A' etc.

 

 

Type Nickname: "Cat"; "Mad Cat"; "Black Cat", and others.

 

Aircraft Acronym: P: Patrol; B: Bomber; Y: Consolidated manufacturer's ID.

 

 

First flown in the United States in March 1935, the PBY was intended as a long-range patrol aircraft. Originally equipped with two 850hp Pratt and Whitney engines, these were replaced in later versions with 1200hp Twin Wasp 14-cylinder radial engines. The aircraft had a maximum speed of 179mph.

 

The PBY was not intended as a passenger aircraft. The purpose was patrol flights and long range patrols. The aircraft had the ability to take water landings.

RCAF versions of the Catalina were known as 'Cansos'. The were built by Consolidated, Boeing of Canada, and Canadian Vickers.

 


 

BELOW: A Canso flying boat.

 

Canadian Catalina known as Canso

 

Photo: © Canada's Air Force

 


 

The RAF first began using these flying boats in 1941, renaming the Consolidated PBY as the 'Catalina' - a name first used by Consolidated themselves for their commercial versions, and adopted later by the US Navy. According to the RAF, Coastal Command had 602 Catalinas (or 'Cats') at their disposal. (Higher number are cited elsewhere.) A number of Catalinas remain in civilian use today. (See The Catalina Society for a full list.)

 


 

BELOW: A U.S. Consolidated PBY-5A Catalina at anchor, preparing for take-off.

 

A USN PBY at anchor preparing for take-off

 

Photo : [no date] US Federal Government photo released to the public domain.

 


 

BELOW: A U.S. PBY gunner, with machine gun, mounting one of the two side gun blisters on the hull.

 

us pby gunner with machine gun about to enter gun blister on hull of aircraft

 

Photo : [no date] U.S. Federal Government photo released to the public domain.

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Accident Details

 

On the 18th January 1942, Consolidated Catalina Z2148 took off from its operating station at RAF Castle Archdale in Co. Fermanagh, N. Ireland. The crew had been briefed to carry out a sortie over the coast of Norway in order to locate the Kriegsmarine battleship "Tirpitz", and to bomb the ship.

 

During their passage over the North Sea, however, the Catalina's wings began to ice up, making it more difficult to manoeuvre the aircraft and to maintain height. Then, one of the two engines lost power, at which point the aircraft began to lose height. Realising their danger, the crew decided to jettison their bombs into the sea. They then headed for Sullom Voe in the Shetlands, where they hoped to land. However, when they arrived in the early hours of the 19th January, no preparations had been made and no landing flares could be seen. They tried to radio flying control at Sullom Voe but received no reply. Eventually, their call was heard by RAF Sumburgh at the south end of Shetland. Sumburgh then alerted Sullom Voe to the plight of the Catalina flying boat.

 

Meanwhile, the Catalina had been circling over the area waiting for a flare path to be laid. However, when circling over land in the snow and pitch darkness, the pilot lost height and crashed soon after at Wila Mina Hoga on the slopes of Arisdale.

 

 

 

 

 

Aircraft Crew Casualties

 

Of the nine personnel on board, six were killed and the remaining three were injured. Those who died were:

 

  • Flt Lt Harry Goolden, Pilot, RAFVR.
    (Buried, Collective Grave, Hamnavoe Churchyard, Shetland.)

  •  

  • P/O Lyle George Schell (24), Air Obs., RCAF.
    (Buried, Collective Grave, Hamnavoe Churchyard, Shetland.)

  •  

  • Sgt Sinclair Irvine (29), Flt Engr., RAFVR.
    (Buried, Collective Grave, Hamnavoe Churchyard, Shetland.)

  •  

  • Sgt Alan Oscar Pitcher, Flt Engr., RAFVR.
    (Buried, Collective Grave, Hamnavoe Churchyard, Shetland.)

  •  

  • Sgt Leslie Albert Rowe (23), W.op/Air Gnr., RAFVR.
    (Buried, Collective Grave, Hamnavoe Churchyard, Shetland.)

  •  

  • Sgt Albert Roland Breakspear (19), W.op/Air Gnr., RAFVR.
    (Buried, Collective Grave, Hamnavoe Churchyard, Shetland.)

 

 

(Please click on the hyperlinked names above for further details at the Commonwealth War Graves Commission's website.)

 

 

 

The crew members who survived (with injuries) were:

 

Sgt A. Helme, Co-Pilot, RAFVR.

 

Flt Sgt D S Lockyer, R/Engr., RAFVR.

 

Sgt R Richmond, Mech., RAFVR.

 

 

 

 

 

Memorial Photos

 

BELOW: The Catalina Memorial

 

The Catalina Memorial.

 

Photo: © 2014 Richard Hobby

 

 

The text on the above Memorial Plaque reads as follows:

 

 

THE CATALINA MEMORIAL

 

In the early hours of 19th January 1942 an RAF Catalina of 240 Squadron, Serial No. Z2148, crashed in Arisdale. Three of the crew survived and seven were killed. Parts of the aircraft, including both engines, can be seen below a commemorative cross. This was erected and dedicated as a permanent memorial in 1991.

 

The suggested route to the Memorial follows in the opposite direction to that taken by the survivor who raised the alarm. The route is indicated by marked poles for the 2 mile (3 kilometer) distance over broken heathery terrain.

 

At the South Yell Parish Church of St Magnus, Hamnavoe, are the graves of those who lost their lives. Within the church hangs a tapestry woven by the widow of the pilot.

 

Outside the Old Haa Museum, Burravoe, a plaque mounted below part of a propeller from the Catalina lists members of the crew. A video film and other information about the Catalina and its crew can also be seen at the Old Haa.

 

Please do not remove any parts of the aircraft, as they form part of the memorial to those who lost their lives.

 

Observe the country code.

 

Be equipped and attired for walking in rough country.

 

 

This information board was prepared by Shetland Amenity Trust with support from the E. C. LEADER 1 programme.

 

 


 

 

BELOW: Propeller blade Memorial from RAF Consolidated Catalina Z2148 at the Old Haa Museum in Burravoe.

 

Propeller blade Memorial from RAF Consolidated Catalina Z2148.

 

Photo: © 2014 Richard Hobby

 


 

BELOW: Propeller blade Memorial Plaque.

 

Propeller blade Memorial Plaque.

 

Photo: © 2014 Richard Hobby

 

 

 

 

 

Crash Site Photos

 

BELOW: Air crash debris from 1942.


Air crash debris from 1942.


Photo: cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Des Blenkinsopp -

geograph.org.uk/p/5436087




BELOW: Air crash site, engine debris.


Air crash site, engine debris.


Photo: cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Des Blenkinsopp -

geograph.org.uk/p/5436099




BELOW: Memorial for air crash victims.


Memorial for air crash victims.


Photo: cc-by-sa/2.0 - © Des Blenkinsopp -

geograph.org.uk/p/5436081






Earlier Photo


BELOW: Debris from the crashed RAF Catalina on hillside at Wila Mina Hoga. The aircraft crashed on 19 January 1942 and there were three survivors.

 

catalina wing section.

 

Photo: © Copyright David White

 

Licensed for reuse under this Creative Commons Licence

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 

 

 

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Crash Date / Site

 

 

Accident Date: 19 Jan 1942

 

Accident Site:

Arisdale

(Wila Mina Hoga, 4km from West Yell)

 

Region: Shetland Isles

 

Nearest towns or villages:

Burravoe (SE) or Ulsta (SW).

 

Nearest large town:

None on Yell. Nearest by ferry on Shetland Mainland: Lerwick.

 

OS Grid Ref. N/A

 

GPS Ref: N/A

 

Present Condition: Wing section and other parts still remain at the crash site.
Memorials can be seen at the site and also outside the Old Haa Museum and at South Yell Parish Church of St Magnus, both inside the building and in the churchyard.

 

 

Aircraft Details

 

 

Registration or Serial: Z2148

 

Operator: RAF (240 Squadron / Coastal Command.)

 

Operating Station: RAF Castle Archdale   (slipway / moorings on Lower Lough Erne.)

 

Station Location: Lough Erne, Co. Fermanagh, N. Ireland.
(Detachment also operating from RAF Oban, Scotland.)

 

Current Station Status: Closed in 1945.
Now, part of Castle Archdale Country Park. Some derelict buildings remain near the former flying boat base.

 

 

 

 

Related Links

 

Accident Specific Link

Catalina Z2148 Arisale, Yell, at Aviation Research Group Orkney and Shetland (A.R.G.O.S.) (Includes detailed information and crew photos.)

 

Forums, Organisations, and Societies

Hills of Arisdale at Scottish Hills Forum. (Route to crash site and memorial using waymarker posts.)

PBY Catalina International Association (Newsletter providing a detailed description of events)

Plane Sailing Catalina Operations (Bookings) Photos here

The Catalina Society (UK) (A full list of surviving Catalinas)

The Catalina History at The Catalina Society

 

RAF and Related Links

240 Squadron

Arisdale Crash Memorial at Wikipedia

RAF Castle Archdale

RAF Sullom Voe

 

Other Links

Consolidated Catalina at Century of Flight

Consolidated PBY Catalina at Warbird Alley

 

 

 

Hill Walking Links

 

 

(Hillwalking and Mountaineering)

WalkingScotland (The official Walking site of Scotland's national tourism organisation)

Walking Scotland's Mountains

 

 


 

Emergency Services Link

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If you cannot make voice calls, you can now contact the 999 emergency services by SMS text from your mobile phone.

 

 

 

Essential Gear

 

 

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Essential Equipment - Three Seasons.

 

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